Patterns and changes in life expectancy in China, 1990-2016

Hai Chen, Yun Qian, Yunqiu Dong, Zhijie Yang, Liangliang Guo, Jia Liu, Qian Shen, Lu Wang, Yongfu Yu
2020 PLoS ONE  
To achieve the goal of "healthy China 2030", reasonable health policies must be developed based on the changes of death spectrum. We aim to investigate the temporal patterns of life expectancy (LE) and age/cause-specific contributions from 1990 to 2016. Joinpoint regression model was used with Arriaga's decomposition method. LE in China has reached to 76.3 years in 2016 with an increase of 9.44 years from 1990. From 1990 to 2002, a remarkable reduction in infant mortality accounted for an
more » ... se of 1.27 years (35.39%) to LE which mainly resulted from diarrhea, lower respiratory, and other common infectious diseases (1.00 years, 27.79%). After 2002, those aged 65+ years contributed most to increased LE and the most prominent causes included cardiovascular diseases (0.67 years, 23.36%), chronic respiratory diseases (0.54 years, 18.76%) and neoplasms (0.39 years, 13.44%). Moreover, the effects of transport injuries changed from negative to positive. After 2007, contributions of transport and unintentional injuries increased especially for males. And for females contributions of cardiovascular diseases sharply increased LE by 1.17 years (32.26%). More attention should be paid to cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases and neoplasms which were mainly attributed to the increase of LE, especially for males and elderly population.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0231007 pmid:32236129 fatcat:kjfclbazrrfkrhacmg4is3itae