Integration of unaccompanied migrant youth in the United States: a call for research

Jodi Berger Cardoso, Kalina Brabeck, Dennis Stinchcomb, Lauren Heidbrink, Olga Acosta Price, Óscar F. Gil-García, Thomas M. Crea, Luis H. Zayas
<span title="2017-12-20">2017</span> <i title="Informa UK Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies</a> </i> &nbsp;
Between October 2013 and July 2016, over 156,000 children traveling without their guardians were apprehended at the US-Mexico border and transferred to the care of the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR). During that same period, ORR placed over 123,000 unaccompanied migrant youth-predominantly from Central America-with a parent or other adult sponsor residing in the US. Following placement, local communities are tasked with integrating migrant youth, many of whom experience pre- and
more &raquo; ... migration traumas, family separation, limited/interrupted schooling, and unauthorised legal status, placing them at heightened risk for psychological distress, academic disengagement, maltreatment, and human trafficking. Nonetheless, fewer than 10% of young people receive formal post-release services. This paper addresses the paucity of research on the experiences of the 90% of children and youth without access to post-release services. To bridge this gap, this article: (a) describes the post-release experiences of unaccompanied youth, focusing on legal, family, health, and educational contexts; (b) identifies methodological and ethical challenges and solutions in conducting research with this population of young people and their families; and (c) proposes research to identify structural challenges to the provision of services and to inform best practices in support of unaccompanied youth.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.1080/1369183x.2017.1404261</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:30766444</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmcid:PMC6370325</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:ffch52hykfaj7mwuvpfqrltsmq</a> </span>
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