Melatonin is effective in reducing stress-induced organ damage in Wistar albino rats

Mukaddes EŞREFOĞLU, Ayşin AKINCI, Hülya ELBE, Elif TAŞLIDERE, Aslı ÇETİN, Burhan ATEŞ
2014 Turkish Journal of Biology  
In the present study, we tried to investigate the effects of melatonin, a novel antioxidant and a potent free radical scavenger, in stress-induced cerebral, cerebellar, cardiac, and hepatic oxidative damage using microscopic and biochemical analysis. A total of 32 male Wistar albino rats were divided into control, stress, stress + saline, and stress + melatonin groups. The rats from the stress groups were exposed to high stress conditions of starvation, immobilization, and cold exposure. The
more » ... ld exposure. The rats from the stress + melatonin group received melatonin daily at 20 mg/kg body weight intraperitoneally for 7 days. At the end of the experiment, the brain, cerebellum, heart, and liver were rapidly removed. The main histopathological damage scores (MHDSs) of the stress and stress + saline groups were higher than those of control group for all of the organs. The MHDSs of melatonin-administered group were lower than those of stress and stress + saline groups. The main tissue superoxide dismutase activities of the stress + melatonin group were even higher than those of the control group in the cerebellum and liver, and main tissue catalase activities of the stress + melatonin group were even higher than those of control group in all of the organs. As a conclusion, we found melatonin very effective in reducing stress-induced organ damage by inhibiting lipid peroxidation and supporting the cellular antioxidant defense system.
doi:10.3906/biy-1401-90 fatcat:alxxjahijbg2blyoqsmbcclnni