Low vitamin D levels in post-menopausal women are associated with complex regional pain syndrome type I in surgically treated distal radius fractures

Sang-Uk Lee, Ki-Tae Na, Yoon-Min Lee, Jong Hwa Park, Sun Young Joo
2020 Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research  
Complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I) is a chronic devastating condition and a relatively common complication of distal radius fractures (DRF). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of vitamin D levels in surgically treated post-menopausal women with CRPS I occurrence in DRF. From February 2016 to March 2017, 158 surgically treated post-menopausal patients with DRF were enrolled. Exclusion criteria were (1) patients who had been taking vitamin D or osteoporosis
more » ... D or osteoporosis medication at the time of injury; (2) patients with medical factors that may affect vitamin D levels; (3) patients who were reluctant to enroll in the study; and (4) patient with additional fractures, ligamentous injuries, or neuropathy. A total of 107 patients were available for final analysis. We compared the serum vitamin D levels in post-menopausal women with DRF with CRPS I (group 1) and without CRPS I (group 2). Bone mineral density (BMD) of the femur and spine, osteocalcin, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), body mass index (BMI) were also measured. The average age at the time of surgery was 66.5 years (range, 39-86 years). The mean follow-up period was 16.3 months after surgery. Among the 107 surgically treated DRF patients, 19 (18%) met the Budapest criteria for CRPS I during the follow-up period. The mean serum vitamin D level in group 1 (15.2 ng/ml) was significantly lower than that in group 2 (20.5 ng/ml, p = 0.027). The mean values of osteocalcin, ALP, BMI, and BMD were not significantly different between the groups. Lower vitamin D levels in post-menopausal women can increase CRPS I occurrence in distal radius fractures.
doi:10.1186/s13018-020-01859-4 pmid:32795337 fatcat:k2py36bwljdrdhdpnh6tom43aq