Detection of cracks at rivet holes in thin plates using Lamb-wave scanning

Roberto A. Osegueda, Vladik Kreinovich, Soheil Nazarian, Enrique Roldan, Tribikram Kundu
2003 Smart Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems II  
This paper describes a Lamb-wave scanning method for the detection of notches simulating cracks at rivet holes in thin plates. The approach requires the generation of an ultrasonic S o -Mode Lamb wave using an incident transmitter excited with a tone burst centered at a near non-dispersive frequency. Area scans are performed on a plate with a hole with a notch to generate times series information which is used to create animations illustrating the wave propagation characteristics. The time
more » ... tics. The time series are subject to a sifting process to obtain intrinsic mode functions which contain narrow frequency banded information of the signals. The Hilbert-Huang transform is applied to the intrinsic mode functions which permit the computation of the signal energy as a function of time, proportional to the square of the amplitude of the analytical signal. Animations of the propagation of the Lamb-wave energy illustrate that a potential scanning approach is to acquire time series along a line between the transmitter and the hole, capturing wave scattering from the hole and reflections from the notches. The times of flight and amplitudes of the notch-reflected energy are used to calculate coordinates of the source of the reflections by a geometric approach. The identified coordinates of the reflections outline the extent of the notch at the rivet hole. Results of experiments conducted on thin square plates with a single hole with notches of various sizes compare favorably with the actual notches.
doi:10.1117/12.483969 fatcat:vgsokdkvpzdmnf2ybnk6jkusba