PREVALENCE AND CORRELATES OF HIGH RISK PREGNANCY IN RURAL HARYANA: A COMMUNITY BASED STUDY
International Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences
Pregnancy is usually a serene time of unparalleled joy and expectation in a women's life. However, sometimes it can be complicated by illnesses or medical conditions. Although only 10-30% of the mothers seen in antenatal period can be classified as high risk they account for 70-80% of perinatal mortality and morbidity. The objectives of this study were to determine prevalence and correlates of high risk pregnancy in a rural block of Haryana. The present cross-sectional study was carried out in
... ll the 20 sub-centers under Community Health Centre (CHC) Chiri (Block Lakhanmajra), the rural field practice area of Department of Community Medicine, PGIMS, Rohtak during July 2011 to June 2012. Assuming prevalence of high risk pregnancy as 10%, a sample of 900 eligible subjects was taken into consideration. All registered pregnant women at the particular sub-center at that point of time were included. A pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule was used for interviewing the study subjects. Data so collected were compiled & analysed using statistical software (SPSS version 20.0). The prevalence of high risk pregnancy was found to be 31.4 %. Prevalence of high risk pregnancy was found significantly more in lower education group (36.7%) as compared to higher education group (24.9%). In the lower socioeconomic group, prevalence of high risk pregnancy (33.4%) was found significantly higher than the upper socioeconomic group (19.7%). Early identification and prompt treatment of high risk pregnancy can prevent the development of both maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Education of female along with the motivation and efforts of the health professionals is essential for safe motherhood.