Blocking podoplanin suppresses growth and pulmonary metastasis of human malignant melanoma

Mengqiao Xu, Xia Wang, Yanfang Pan, Xingpeng Zhao, Bin Yan, Changgeng Ruan, Lijun Xia, Yiming Zhao
2019 BMC Cancer  
Podoplanin (PDPN), a transmembrane O-glycoprotein, is up-regulated in many tumors and is involved in tumor metastasis and malignant progression. In previous studies, we generated a functional blocking monoclonal antibody (mAb, SZ168) against the extracellular domain of human PDPN. This study is aimed to investigate whether blocking PDPN by SZ168 inhibits tumor growth and metastasis. Malignant melanoma xenograft model by inoculating subcutaneously human malignant melanoma cell line C8161 into
more » ... back of BALB/c nude mice was used. Endogenous PDPN expression in C8161 cells and nasopharyngeal cancer cell line CNE-2 was detected using western blot and flow cytometry. SZ168 significantly inhibited C8161 or CNE-2 cell-induced platelet aggregation in a dose-dependent manner with a maximal inhibition of 73.9 ± 3.0% in C8161 cells or 77.1 ± 2.7% in CNE-2 cells. Moreover, SZ168 inhibited the growth and pulmonary metastasis of C8161cells in vivo. The number of lung metastatic foci in the SZ168-treated group was significantly decreased compared with that in the control mouse IgG group (1.61 ± 0.44 vs.3.83 ± 0.60, P < 0.01). Subcutaneous tumor volume, weight, and incidence were also significantly reduced in the SZ168-treated group compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Additionally, SZ168 recognized PDPN in immunohistochemical analyses of tumor tissue sections. SZ168 blocks growth and pulmonary metastasis of human malignant melanoma by inhibiting the interaction between tumor PDPN and platelet CLEC-2 and therefore is a promising antibody for therapeutic development against malignant melanoma.
doi:10.1186/s12885-019-5808-9 pmid:31208371 pmcid:PMC6580467 fatcat:uqmsxni35rfdxny3ypsn5vzu6e