Comments on information loss and remnants

Steven B. Giddings
1994 Physical Review D, Particles and fields  
The information loss and remnant proposals for resolving the black hole information paradox are reconsidered. It is argued that in typical cases information loss implies energy loss, and thus can be thought of in terms of coupling to a spectrum of "fictitious" remnants. This suggests proposals for information loss that do not imply planckian energy fluctuations in the low energy world. However, if consistency of gravity prevents energy non-conservation, these remnants must then be considered to
more » ... be real. In either case, the catastrophe corresponding to infinite pair production remains a potential problem. Using Reissner-Nordstrom black holes as a paradigm for a theory of remnants, it is argued that couplings in such a theory may give finite production despite an infinite spectrum. Evidence for this is found in analyzing the instanton for Schwinger production; fluctuations from the infinite number of states lead to a divergent stress tensor, spoiling the instanton calculation. Therefore naive arguements for infinite production fail.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.49.4078 pmid:10017412 fatcat:ebdgh24zzfhqrfqjiilrf6dpry