Oleksandr Susla, Zoriana Litovkina, Olha Bushtynska
2021 Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation  
Background and Aims According to population registries, the survival of diabetic patients with end-stage-renal disease (ESRD) remains low today. In this context, it is reasonable to develop new therapeutic strategies based on advances in science of the important role of magnesium (Mg) and L-carnitine deficiency (via inflammation and endothelial dysfunction) in mechanisms of cardiovascular remodeling, high morbidity and mortality rates. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the
more » ... ffect of Mg and L-carnitine supplementation on 3-year survival and development of the cardiovascular complications in diabetic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Method 48 type 2 diabetic ESRD patients were included in this prospective cohort study (male/female, 29/19; age, 59.9±0.6 years; HD duration, 34.8±4.8 month; diabetes mellitus duration, 174.7±7.1 month). The study was performed in accordance with the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki last revision. Depending on the treatment programme, patients were divided into two groups: the 1st (main) group (n=24) in addition to basic treatment (hypoglycemic, antihypertensive therapy, according to indications - correction of anemia, hyperparathyroidism, hyperphosphatemia) was treated by combination of magnesium aspartate (0.5 g/day orally) and L-carnitine (1 g/day parenterally after each HD session (three times weekly); the 2nd (comparison) group (n=24) was only on the basic therapy. Complex treatment lasted 12-months; administration of L-carnitine was performed continuously throughout the year, while magnesium aspartate – by three 2-months' courses/year. The follow up period in both groups was 36 months. Quantitative data are expressed as means±SEM, qualitative ones – as %. Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to estimate survival of HD patients, χ2-test – to compare the frequency values. Results The cumulative proportion of survivors at the end of follow-up was 60.4%; however, after 36 months, the survival rate of diabetic HD patients who received a combination of magnesium aspartate and L-carnitine as part of their modified treatment was significantly higher (75 vs. 45.8%; Log-rank=2.07, p=0.038) compared to patients who were on basic therapy (Figure). Survival time in main and comparison groups was 31.9±1.7 and 26.4±2.2 months respectively. It is noteworthy, that throughout the year (from 10 to 22 months), no completed events were recorded in subjects who underwent Mg and L-carnitine supplementation. Conclusion (1) The combined use of magnesium aspartate and L-carnitine in addition to the basic 12-month treatment provides an effective reduction of cardiovascular complications and promotes 3-year survival of diabetic HD patients. (2) The results obtained substantiate the advisability of using repeated courses of Mg and L-carnitine administration 1 years after the end of the primary modified treatment to improve the prognosis in these ESRD patients.
doi:10.1093/ndt/gfab094.009 fatcat:k67lrcvr4nftfinzerzb6nbpri