Evapotranspiração, transpiração e trocas gasosas em canavial irrigado [thesis]

Daniel Silveira Pinto Nassif
Evapotranspiration, transpiration and gas exchange on irrigated sugarcane crop Global climate change and the sugarcane crop expansion to regions with lower water supply became more important the real estimate of crop water requirements. This study aimed to contribute on this regard by analyzing the sugarcane water consumption at three different spatial scales: leaf, plant and canopy. The DSSAT/CANEGRO crop model was also evaluated with respect to sugarcane transpiration and evapotranspiration.
more » ... vapotranspiration. Bowen ratio energy balance (BREB) method was performed to measure crop canopy evapotranspiration and the transpiration were measured with sap flow by stem heat balance for plant scale and infra-red gas analyzer (IRGA) for leaf scale. Two experimental sites were used: the first with CTC 12 cultivar and drip irrigation, on 2011/2012 season; in the second experiment the RB867515 variety was grown under sprinkler irrigation by a central pivot, on the 2012/2013 growing season. The plant-atmosphere decoupling factor was also evaluated. BREB method showed latent heat flux representing 70% of the available energy, 25% for sensible heat flux, and 5% for soil heat flux. BREB crop evapotranspiration (ETc) ranged from 3.92 to 3.25 mm day -1 for CTC 12 and RB867515, respectively, resulting in a mean crop coefficient (Kc) of 1.37 at the full vegetative growth stage. In the experimental period, sugarcane crop was coupled to the atmosphere (Ω=0.37) and transpiration assessed by HB reached 4.7 and 3.62 mm day -1 for CTC 12 and RB867515, respectively. IRGA method showed a leaf water loss up to 1 mm h -1 . Kc varied with reference evapotranspiration (ETo) The DSSAT/CANEGRO crop model was efficient in the ETc and transpiration simulation, with better results (R 2 =0.59) when using FAO 56 ETo method in the simulations.
doi:10.11606/t.11.2014.tde-04022015-145848 fatcat:sd7jfrzi5necfgqjupa5porqsa