The European Union: An Effective Actor in Multilateral Arms Negotiations?

Iulian Romanyshyn
The EU's participation in multilateral negotiations became an object of study by EU scholars fairly recently. Although EU member states had already started to coordinate their positions within the UN in the 1970s, the academic literature in the field is neither coherent nor systematic. With intent to contribute to a growing research agenda on the EU's impact in world affairs, this project examines the EU's effectiveness in what is arguably a 'least likely' case for the EU's successful
more » ... ion: multilateral arms negotiations. The international security field of arms and weapons is often viewed as an area of 'high' politics, where states' considerations of sovereignty, integrity and survival are at the center stage, complicating the role of non-traditional post-modern actors like the EU. This study thus postulates the following research questions: to what extent is the EU an effective actor in multilateral arms negotiations, and what explains EU effectiveness? The thesis applies a small-n comparative research design, assessing the explanatory power of agency and structure-related factors alike, borrowed from the European integration and international relations theories and merged in a single analytical framework. The empirical evidence is drawn from the area of global arms affairs by way of triangulating between semi-structured interviews, document analysis and direct observation. More specifically, the project examines the EU's involvement in the multilateral negotiations on the Arms Trade Treaty and the latest (2010 and 2015) Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conferences. In brief, the main claim of the thesis is that the EU is an effective actor in multilateral arms negotiations, the level of its effectiveness differs across negotiation cases, and the account of this variance cannot be reduced to a mono-causal explanation. The EU showed three distinct patterns of effectiveness - outcome, process and damage limitation effectiveness - each of which is defined through a particular mix of goal achievement, rele [...]
doi:10.6092/imtlucca/e-theses/240 fatcat:jygnrubmjvgmdffc4jijjxhy7a