Distribution of Pink-Pigmented Facultative Methylotrophs on Leaves of Vegetables

Masayuki MIZUNO, Hiroya YURIMOTO, Naoko YOSHIDA, Hiroyuki IGUCHI, Yasuyoshi SAKAI
2012 Bioscience, biotechnology and biochemistry  
The distribution of pink-pigmented facultative methylotrophs (PPFMs) on the leaves of various vegetables was studied. All kinds of vegetable leaves tested gave pink-pigmented colonies on agar plates containing methanol as sole carbon source. The numbers of PPFMs on the leaves, colony-forming units (CFU)/g of fresh leaves, differed among the plants, although they were planted and grown at the same farm. Commercial green perilla, Perilla frutescens viridis (Makino) Makino, gave the highest counts
more » ... the highest counts of PPFMs (2:0{4:1 Â 10 7 CFU/g) of all the commercial vegetable leaves tested, amounting to 15% of total microbes on the leaves. The PPFMs isolated from seeds of two varieties of perilla, the red and green varieties, exhibited high sequence similarity as to the 16S rRNA gene to two different Methylobacterium species, M. fujisawaense DSM5686 T and M. radiotolerans JCM2831 T respectively, suggesting that there is specific interaction between perilla and the PPFMs.
doi:10.1271/bbb.110737 pmid:22451403 fatcat:7m7wzhly4fesfosp7qlv4zmw5m