Opiates Possibly Boosted Human Civilization

Nader Charkhgard, Emran Razaghi
2021 Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences  
: Testosterone is a fundamental biological drive for human survival. Evidence documents an association between the evolutionary suppression of testosterone and the civilization processes, especially their socialization and family colonization abilities, among early humans. Interestingly, opiates suppress testosterone as a side effect. However, in clinical practice, clients undergoing opioid substitution therapy have subnormal, normal, or even above-normal testosterone. This paper discusses a
more » ... sibility indicating that opiates promoted civilization processes among early humans. We further suggest that modern humans might have inherited the positive impact of opiates on early humans as a biological propensity for using opioids. Some users may use opioids for self-medication to decrease their extraordinarily high testosterone levels.
doi:10.5812/ijpbs.114491 fatcat:26otyjcjg5hvvo6gyv3tivnpd4