Trends in Medicinal Uses of Edible Wild Vertebrates in Brazil

Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves, Tacyana Pereira Ribeiro Oliveira, Maria Franco Trindade Medeiros
2017 Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine  
The use of food medicines is a widespread practice worldwide. In Brazil, such use is often associated with wild animals, mostly focusing on vertebrate species. Here we assessed taxonomic and ecological trends in traditional uses of wild edible vertebrates in the country, through an extensive ethnobiological database analysis. Our results showed that at least 165 health conditions are reportedly treated by edible vertebrate species (n=204), mostly fishes and mammals. However, reptiles stand out
more » ... reptiles stand out presenting a higher plasticity in the treatment of multiple health conditions. Considering the 20 disease categories recorded, treatment prescriptions were similar within continental (i.e., terrestrial and freshwater) and also within coastal and marine habitats, which may reflect locally related trends in occurrence and use of the medicinal fauna. The comprehension of the multiplicity and trends in the therapeutic uses of Brazilian vertebrates is of particular interest from a conservation perspective, as several threatened species were recorded.
doi:10.1155/2017/4901329 pmid:28894470 fatcat:ky7h4axy3bflhcvth7s5tti7ne