Action Recognition by an Attention-Aware Temporal Weighted Convolutional Neural Network

Le Wang, Jinliang Zang, Qilin Zhang, Zhenxing Niu, Gang Hua, Nanning Zheng
2018 Sensors  
Research in human action recognition has accelerated significantly since the introduction of powerful machine learning tools such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). However, effective and efficient methods for incorporation of temporal information into CNNs are still being actively explored in the recent literature. Motivated by the popular recurrent attention models in the research area of natural language processing, we propose the Attention-aware Temporal Weighted CNN (ATW CNN) for
more » ... on recognition in videos, which embeds a visual attention model into a temporal weighted multi-stream CNN. This attention model is simply implemented as temporal weighting yet it effectively boosts the recognition performance of video representations. Besides, each stream in the proposed ATW CNN framework is capable of end-to-end training, with both network parameters and temporal weights optimized by stochastic gradient descent (SGD) with back-propagation. Our experimental results on the UCF-101 and HMDB-51 datasets showed that the proposed attention mechanism contributes substantially to the performance gains with the more discriminative snippets by focusing on more relevant video segments.
doi:10.3390/s18071979 pmid:29933555 pmcid:PMC6069475 fatcat:byyotu7o75amzpbtifmpkpyunm