Tools and Data Towards Supporting Quantitative Systems Pharmacology of the Eye – An Overview [post]

Lars Kuepfer, Georg Fuellen, Thomas Stahnke
2022 unpublished
Good eyesight belongs to the most-valued attributes of health, and diseases of the eye are a significant health care burden. Case numbers are expected to further increase in the next decades due to an aging society. The development of drugs in ophthalmology, however, is difficult due to limited accessibility of the eye, in terms of drug administration and in terms of sampling of tissues for drug pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD). Ocular quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP)
more » ... s provide the opportunity to describe the distribution of drugs in the eye as well as the resulting drug-response in specific segments of the eye. In particular, ocular physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models are necessary to describe drug concentration levels in different regions of the eye. Further, ocular effect models employing molecular data from specific cellular systems are needed to develop dose-response correlations. We here describe the current status of PK/PBPK as well as PD models for the eye and describe cellular systems, data repositories as well as animal models in ophthalmology. The application of the various concepts is highlighted for the development of new treatments for post-operative fibrosis after glaucoma surgery.
doi:10.20944/preprints202203.0164.v1 fatcat:tdqms72worfdlpac2e3g5m6trm