Interpersonal stress, depression, and disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis patients

Alex J. Zautra, Mary H. Burleson, Kathy S. Matt, Sanford Roth, et al
1994 Health Psychology  
The relationships among interpersonal stressors, depression, coping inefficacy, hormones (prolactin, cortisol, and estradiol), and disease activity were examined. The sample comprised 33 women with rheumatoid arthritis (RAs; age 37-78) and 37 women with osteoarthritis (OAs; age 47-91), who served as controls. In a regression analysis, interpersonal conflict events accounted for more than twice as much variance in depression in RAs than in OAs. In the RA patients, the immune-stimulating hormones
more » ... timulating hormones prolactin and estradiol were significantly positively correlated with interpersonal conflicts, depression, coping inefficacy, and clinician ratings of disease activity, suggesting that RAs are more reactive to interpersonal stressors than are OAs, both psychologically and physiologically.
doi:10.1037//0278-6133.13.2.139 pmid:8020457 fatcat:v6n7plpsm5hwhilh2x5gqalode