Probiotics in the treatment of chronic kidney disease: a systematic review

Raquel Aparecida Bandeira Fagundes, Taís Fátima Soder, Kamila Castro Grokoski, Fábia Benetti, Roberta Hack Mendes
2018 Brazilian Journal of Nephrology  
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a syndrome caused by the progressive reduction of renal function. This study aimed to systematically examine the effects of supplementation with probiotics in the treatment of CKD. Searches were carried out on databases MEDLINE (PubMed), SciELO, Cochrane, and Clinical Trials. Two independent reviewers selected the studies from which data was extracted. The search included papers written in English and Portuguese published in the 2012-2016 period describing
more » ... zed clinical trials. Eight of the 82 eligible articles met the inclusion criteria. Sample size ranged from 18 to 101 individuals with CKD. The duration of the included studies varied from four to 24 weeks. Most of the included articles reported positive effects in renal function and decreased levels of urea, blood urea nitrogen, ammonia, plasma p-cresol, p-cresyl sulfate, and indoxyl sulfate.
doi:10.1590/2175-8239-jbn-3931 pmid:29958304 fatcat:i7pfpuyrejasbokkhkmzp75xei