Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) Score and Sarcopenia as Mutually Independent Prognostic Biomarkers in Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

Minami Une, Masaya Ito, Hiroaki Suzuki, Masahiro Toide, Shuichiro Kobayashi, Hiroshi Fukushima, Fumitaka Koga
2022 Cancers  
While the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and sarcopenia are objective indices of different aspects of a patient's general condition, few studies have comprehensively examined their mutual relationship in patients with advanced cancer. Methods: This retrospective study included 200 Japanese patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (aUC). Sarcopenia was diagnosed using Prado's definition. The CONUT score and sarcopenia were examined for their possible association, and their
more » ... stic value was analyzed. Results: The CONUT score and sarcopenia were not significantly associated. While sarcopenia occurred in 168 patients (84%), more than half of them had normal or only slightly impaired nutritional status, as indicated by a CONUT score of 0–2. During follow-up (median: 13.3 months), 149 patients died. The CONUT score and sarcopenia were independent prognostic factors (hazard ratio 1.22 and 2.23, respectively; both p < 0.001), whereas performance status was not. Incorporating the CONUT score, sarcopenia, and both into Bajorin's and Apolo's prognostic models increased their concordance index as follows: 0.612 for Bajorin's original model to 0.653 (+the CONUT score), 0.631 (+sarcopenia), and 0.665 (+both), and 0.634 for Apolo's original model to 0.655 (+the CONUT score), 0.653 (+ sarcopenia), and 0.668 (+both). Conclusion: The CONUT score and sarcopenia were mutually independent in terms of their prognostic value in patients with aUC. These objective indices of a patient's general condition may help in decision-making when considering treatment for patients with aUC.
doi:10.3390/cancers14205075 pmid:36291858 pmcid:PMC9600715 fatcat:b4upnhv6rzbcjbasjsqnf7vcry