Transition of Health Financing and Risk-Sharing Models in the Health Sector: A Systematic Review (1990 - 2019)

Ali Ahangar, AliMohammad Ahmadi, AmirHossein Mozayani, Sajjad FarajiDizaji, Samaneh Safarani
2019 Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal  
Context: Health expenditures in the world undergo increasing growth. According to the WHO Report (2000) , health financing is one of the main functions of the health system that has a significant impact on its other functions. Objectives: The aim of this study is the systematic review of the changes and shifting of health care financing models and cost burden risk-sharing mechanisms in health systems over the past three decades. Data Sources: In this systematic review, data sources of studies
more » ... health financing realm in different countries were investigated using a series of keywords, including "health financing", "health expenditure ", "model", "financing mechanism/arrangement", and "cost risk-sharing" from the most important databases such as Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, and the Iranian databases, such as Magiran, IranMedx, SID, in 1990 -2019. Study Selection: According to PRISMA Flow Diagram, with application of inclusion and exclusion criteria (time limitations, language restrictions, lack of related title abstract, full text), among 86,611 documents, 150 studies were selected. Two pairs of review author's independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. Results: The systematic review of different evidence suggests that with economic growth, since 2001 to 2014, global health expenditure trend was increased from $ 3.8 trillion (in 2001) to $ 9.2 trillion (in 2014) and is estimated to reach $ 24.2 trillion (in 2040). Also, all the evidence indicates a tangible change, a 10% increase in public and pre-payments health expenditures and a 16% reduction in private expenditures, in the global health financing model in the current period up to 2040. Conclusions: The review of regional and global studies, across countries and during the time, shows that in the last three decades, health financing systems are in a transition towards pervasive (with high financial risk-sharing) public health policies in the world.
doi:10.5812/ircmj.63215 fatcat:qdbbywja45dcjcohqd7n3nbnse