Shrinkhla Ek Shodhparak Vaicharik Patrika Vol-III * Issue-VIII* The Peace Education: A Need Prite Yadav
There is a high level of violence in the world today, both physical and structural. We thus need tools and techniques to respond to this phenomenon. With increasing levels of violence and conflict there is also an increasing sense of trying to find peaceful ways to transform these conflicts from violent clashes to energies for social change.-Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defenses of peace must be constructed. Thus for us to take that step, to move from
... step, to move from a violence-habituated system to a peaceable society we need to understand the nature of social conflicts and the tools available for transformation. Everybody has right to live their life according to their choice. Peace will be the first requirement by which they can live happily. Today mankind is at the crossroad where he has to choose with courage, determination and imagination. Education is a better way to suggest how they choose a better life. Education is a tool of development. Any development is directly related to human beings and other natural creatures. Non living and living things are affected from development in a negative way too. It suggests that peace of society will be surely disturbed by some development programmes. It means education is also associated with peace. Peace education is a process by which we can change our attitudes and behaviour about violent conflicts, acquiring the values, the knowledge and developing the skill and behaviours to live in harmony with others. It is a means by which we can change our thinking and approaches. Peace education is the education about how to make or to develop such type of society where justice and peace should be present and everybody lives with happiness. A Definition of Peace Education Peace education in UNICEF refers to the process of promoting the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values needed to bring about behaviour changes that will enable children, youth and adults to prevent conflict and violence, both overt and structural; to resolve conflict peacefully; and to create the conditions conducive to peace, whether at an intrapersonal, interpersonal, intergroup, national or international level. This definition represents a convergence of ideas that have been developed through the practical experiences of UNICEF peace education programmes in developing countries. It is UNICEF's position that peace education has a place in all societies-not only in countries undergoing armed conflict or emergencies. Because lasting behaviour change in children and adults only occurs over time, effective peace education is necessarily a long-term process, not a short-term intervention. While often based in schools and other learning environments, peace education should ideally involve the entire community.-Social conflict is a phenomenon of human creation, located in relationships.‖ That is people are actively involved in creating situations and interactions that they experience as conflict. These interactions are rooted in people's history, experiences, perception, interpretations, and expressions of their-realities‖. This intern is deeply linked to people's-common sense‖ or understanding and accumulated experiences, which allow them to react or respond to a conflict. Social conflict therefore is a-socially constructed cultural event‖. 2 It emerges through an interactive process based on a search for and creation of shared meaning. Shared knowledge and a group's ability to name the world and their reality are pivotal to its manifestation. In short, conflict leads to transforming and renaming of the world and its realities and thus not only is it evitable, but a Abstract Peace education is an essential component of quality basic education that aims to build the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values that will enable young people to prevent violence, resolve conflict peacefully, and promote social conditions conducive to peace and justice. It is hoped that this paper will provide greater clarity as to the meaning of peace education and its need.