A conformational mechanism for formation of a dead-end complex by the sarcoplasmic reticulum ATPase with thapsigargin

Y Sagara, J B Wade, G Inesi
1992 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Thapsigargin (TG), a plant sesquiterpene lactone extract, interacts tightly with the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ transport ATPase yielding a 1:1 stoichiometric complex. In addition to inhibiting steady state enzyme activity, TG can be shown to inhibit two individual partial reactions of the ATPase cycle (i.e. Ca2+ binding in the absence of ATP and enzyme phosphorylation by Pi in the absence of Ca2+) even when these reactions are studied separately without interdependence. As the two
more » ... reactions occur at domains relatively distant from each other in the protein structure, it is apparent that the TG induced perturbation involves the entire enzyme. The rate of TG interaction with the ATPase, as estimated by the onset of functional inhibition and by the development of an intrinsic fluorescence signal, is relatively low in the presence of Ca2+. The interaction is much faster when Ca2+ is removed from the medium by the addition of EGTA or is dissociated from the enzyme by utilization of ATP. When the TG interaction with the ATPase is studied in the presence of Ca2+ as a function of temperature (15-35 degrees C) and pH (6.0-8.0), two distinct kinetic components are observed: a fast component which is prevalent at high temperature and low pH, and a slow component which is prevalent at low temperature and high pH. This pattern suggests that the enzyme resides in two states, whose relatively slow equilibration is temperature- and pH-dependent. As only one state is reactive to TG, the enzyme population residing in this state reacts immediately with TG. On the other hand, the enzyme population residing in the alternate state must undergo slow conversion to the reactive state before being affected by TG. It can be also demonstrated that in the presence of Ca2+ TG shifts the ATPase from a refractory state to a state which is able to form bidimensional crystalline arrays stabilized by decavanadate. It is concluded that TG reacts specifically with the ATPase conformation which is prevalent in the absence of Ca2+, thereby forming a catalytically inactive dead-end complex.
pmid:1530936 fatcat:cnu65frohbdctnyya2zy3jwrrq