EVOLUTION AND HYDRODYNAMICS OF THE VERY BROAD X-RAY LINE EMISSION IN SN 1987A

D. Dewey, V. V. Dwarkadas, F. Haberl, R. Sturm, C. R. Canizares
2012 Astrophysical Journal  
Observations of SN 1987A by the Chandra High Energy Transmission Grating (HETG) in 1999 and the XMM-Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometer (RGS) in 2003 show very broad (v-b) lines with a full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of order 10^4 kms; at these times the blast wave was primarily interacting with the HII region around the progenitor. Since then, the X-ray emission has been increasingly dominated by narrower components as the blast wave encounters dense equatorial ring (ER) material. Even
more » ... ) material. Even so, continuing v-b emission is seen in the grating spectra suggesting that interaction with HII region material is on-going. Based on the deep HETG 2007 and 2011 data sets, and confirmed by RGS and other HETG observations, the v-b component has a width of 9300 +/-2000 kms FWHM and contributes of order 20% of the current 0.5--2 keV flux. Guided by this result, SN 1987A's X-ray spectra are modeled as the weighted sum of the non-equilibrium-ionization (NEI) emission from two simple 1D hydrodynamic simulations, this "2x1D" model reproduces the observed radii, light curves, and spectra with a minimum of free parameters. The interaction with the HII region (rho_init \sim 130 amu/cc, +/- 15 degrees opening angle) produces the very-broad emission lines and most of the 3-10 keV flux. Our ER hydrodynamics, admittedly a crude approximation to the multi-D reality, gives ER densities of order 10^4 amu/cc, requires dense clumps (x5.5 density enhancement in \sim 30% of the volume), and it predicts that the 0.5-2 keV flux will drop at a rate of \sim 17% per year once no new dense ER material is being shocked.
doi:10.1088/0004-637x/752/2/103 fatcat:tqbahxvhgrbprnx4l7tdv7ixru