Effects of TREM-1 activation in human neutrophils: activation of signaling pathways, recruitment into lipid rafts and association with TLR4

C. F. Fortin, O. Lesur, T. Fulop
2006 International Immunology  
Neutrophilic polymorphonuclears (PMNs) play an important role in the progression of sepsis-related inflammation and become highly activated by a wide array of ligands on the site. The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) is a recently described receptor that has many effects on human PMN. The engagement of TREM-1 on PMN can induce phagocytosis, reactive oxygen species production and release of myeloperoxidase and IL-8. LPS has a priming effect on these functions. We show in
more » ... nctions. We show in this paper that Lyn, AKT, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and Jak2 signaling pathways are elicited following TREM-1 engagement and activation by a monoclonal agonist antibody (anti-TREM-1) in human PMN, leading to the phosphorylation of STAT5 and RelA, a subunit of the nuclear factor-kappa B family. We also show that TREM-1 is recruited to ganglioside M1-lipid rafts in PMN upon stimulation with LPS or anti-TREM-1. Moreover, we observed that Toll-like receptor 4 and TREM-1 co-localize upon stimulation and TREM-1 engagement resulted in the phosphorylation of IL-1R-associated kinase 1, but not its stimulant-induced degradation. These data shed a new light on how various receptors implicated in the innate immune response could interact to insure an efficient inflammatory response upon pathogens-associated aggression.
doi:10.1093/intimm/dxl119 pmid:17098818 fatcat:wl2bmtsa5rbq7m3oj37cbghhnu