DECOMPOSITION OF NEURAL CIRCUITS OF HUMAN ATTENTION USING A MODEL-BASED ANALYSIS: sSoTS MODEL APPLICATION TO fMRI DATA

EIRINI MAVRITSAKI, HARRIET ALLEN, GLYN HUMPHREYS
2009 Connectionist Models of Behaviour and Cognition II  
The complex neural circuits found in fMRI studies of human attention were decomposed using a model of spiking neurons. The model for visual search over time and space (sSoTS) incorporates different synaptic components (NMDA, AMPA, GABA) and a frequency adaptation mechanism based on IAHP current. This frequency adaptation current can act as a mechanism that suppresses the previously attended items. It has been shown [1] that when the passive process (frequency adaptation) is coupled with a
more » ... s of active inhibition, new items can be successfully prioritized over time periods matching those found in psychological studies. In this study we use the model to decompose the neural regions mediating the processes of active attentional guidance, and the inhibition of distractors, in search. Activity related to excitatory guidance and inhibitory suppression was extracted from the model and related to different brain regions by using the synaptic activation from sSoTS's maps as regressors for brain activity derived from standard imaging analysis techniques. The results show that sSoTS pulls-apart discrete brain areas mediating excitatory attentional guidance and active distractor inhibition.
doi:10.1142/9789812834232_0033 fatcat:wvxwtrw4ejgdbkte4zjz2eyiqm