Poor Prognostic Factors in Sickle Cell Disease Patients Infected with Covid-19 – Review of Literatures
American Journal of Laboratory Medicine
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the co-inheritance of HbS with other abnormal haemoglobin. COVID-19 is a severe acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by coronavirus 2 infections. The immunosuppression and chronic inflammatory states in patients with SCD predispose them to severe form of COVID-19. The few case studies on sickle cell disease patients infected with COVID-19 mostly discuss the pattern of clinical presentations and laboratory changes in patients with SCD infected with COVID-19.
... d with COVID-19. This review of literature assesses the prognostic indicators in sickle cell disease patients infected with COVID 19 in three major case series. Some presenting symptoms and signs, presence of comorbidities and certain laboratory parameters were compared with poor outcome of patients. Poor clinical outcomes of patients in this review included: 1. Duration of admission of ≥10 days, 2. A week or more of intensive care unit admission, 3. Death of patient despite intervention while on admission, and 4. Deterioration in the presenting comorbid clinical condition. The presenting symptoms and signs, presence of comorbidities and certain laboratory parameters associated with these poor clinical outcomes were considered as poor prognostic factors. The presence of comorbidities, markedly elevated pro-inflammatory markers such as leukocytosis, IL-6, C-reactive proteins, marked elevated D-Dimer and high serum creatinine are poor prognostic factors in sickle cell disease patients with COVID-19 infection.