Multilocation and Multiscale Learning Framework with Skip Connection for Fault Diagnosis of Bearing under Complex Working Conditions
Considering various fault states under severe working conditions, the comprehensive feature extraction from the raw vibration signal is still a challenge for the diagnosis task of rolling bearing. To deal with strong coupling and high nonlinearity of the vibration signal, this article proposes a novel multilocation and multikernel scale learning network based on deep convolution encoder (DCE) and bidirectional short-term memory network (BiLSTM). The former multifeature learning network of this
... rticle proposed combines the skip connection and the DCE network. The network can automatically extract and fuse global and local features from different network depth and time scales of the raw vibration signal. Then, the former network as the input of the latter network is fed into the feature protection layer for further mining sensitive and complementary features. Consequently, the proposed network scheme can perform well in generalization capability. The performance of the proposed method is verified on the two kinds of bearing datasets. The diagnostic results demonstrate that the proposed method can diagnose multiple fault types more accurately. Also, the method performs better in load and speed adaptation compared with other intelligent fault classification methods.