Simulation of Sea Breeze Events in Gulf of Jakarta under Different Synoptic Condition: An Application of WRF Model
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environment
The behaviour of the sea breeze developing along the Gulf of Jakarta during days with different synoptic condition is examined using observational data and simulations from the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF). An objective and systematic selection method is used to detect sea breeze days from observational data. The simulation used three nested grids at 27, 9 and 3 km resolution covering Gulf of Jakarta and its joining region for sea breeze event at November 22 th , 2016 which formed
... 16 which formed under offshore large-scale ambient wind, January 20 th , 2017 which formed under westerly large-scale ambient wind, and August 10 th , 2017 which formed under easterly large-scale ambient wind. Results show that the development of sea breeze circulation under offshore ambient wind produced lower 10-m wind speed simulation, while sea breeze conditions under westerly large-scale ambient wind are associated with highest surface wind speeds reaching 9.5 ms -1 in Gulf of Jakarta. Sea breeze simulation also indicates the formation of calm zone which is 22 -56 km away from the Jakarta Gulf coastline. Model also shows the formation of thermal internal boundary layer that are about 300-700 m near the coast gradually merged with the mixing layer inland. Performance of WRF on the simulated circulation is studied by conducting value of correlation, RMSE, and MBE. Overall, model simulation agrees fairly well with the observations taken at a near-surface meteorological station.