Dimerization of the Extracellular Calcium-sensing Receptor (CaR) on the Cell Surface of CaR-transfected HEK293 Cells

Mei Bai, Sunita Trivedi, Edward M. Brown
1998 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The extracellular calcium (Ca 2؉ o )-sensing receptor (CaR) is a G protein-coupled receptor that plays important roles in calcium homeostasis. In this study, we employed epitope tagging, cell-surface biotinylation, and immunoprecipitation techniques to demonstrate that the CaR is expressed mostly in the form of a dimer on the surface of transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. Western analysis of cell-surface proteins under nonreducing conditions showed that the CaR exists in several
more » ... orms with molecular masses greater than 200 kDa. Most of these high molecular mass forms of the receptor could be converted to a single monomeric species at 160 kDa under reducing conditions. This result suggests that the CaR forms dimers or even higher oligomers on the cell surface through intermolecular disulfide bonds that are sensitive to reducing agents. Consistent with this hypothesis, use of a cell-surface crosslinking agent substantially increases the proportion of the putative dimeric CaR at 280 kDa relative to the monomeric form of the receptor at 160 kDa under reducing conditions. Dimerization of the CaR in intact cells was further demonstrated when we co-transfected and co-immunoprecipitated the wild type, full-length receptor and a truncated form of the CaR lacking its cytoplasmic tail. Taken together, we conclude from these results that the functional CaR resides on the cell surface of transfected HEK293 cells in the form of a dimer.
doi:10.1074/jbc.273.36.23605 pmid:9722601 fatcat:l6pyxtdsgvdj3czo6gswlfdnsm