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The Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm, as one of the latest algorithms inspired from the nature, was introduced in the mid 1990s and since then, it has been utilized as an optimization tool in various applications, ranging from biological and medical applications to computer graphics and music composition. In this paper, following a brief introduction to the PSO algorithm, the chronology of its evolution is presented and all major PSO-based methods are comprehensively surveyed. Next,doi:10.7763/ijcte.2009.v1.80 fatcat:nwuursqzyzefxl5dadvhdxlbda