Mechanics to pre-process information for the fine tuning of mechanoreceptors

Friedrich G. Barth
2019 Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology  
Non-nervous auxiliary structures play a significant role in sensory biology. They filter the stimulus and transform it in a way that fits the animal's needs, thereby contributing to the avoidance of the central nervous system's overload with meaningless stimuli and a corresponding processing task. The present review deals with mechanoreceptors mainly of invertebrates and some remarkable recent findings stressing the role of mechanics as an important source of sensor adaptedness, outstanding
more » ... ormance, and diversity. Instead of organizing the review along the types of stimulus energy (force) taken up by the sensors, processes associated with a few basic and seemingly simple mechanical principles like lever systems, viscoelasticity, resonance, traveling waves, and impedance matching are taken as the guideline. As will be seen, nature makes surprisingly competent use of such "simple mechanics".
doi:10.1007/s00359-019-01355-z pmid:31270587 pmcid:PMC6726712 fatcat:zw7jjfrmkzeihpkfuy36ux4rwe