The effect of multiple interventions to balance healthcare demand for controlling COVID-19 outbreaks: a modelling study

Po Yang, Geng Yang, Jun Qi, Bin Sheng, Yun Yang, Shuhao Zhang, Gaoshan Bi, Xuxin Mao
2021 Scientific Reports  
AbstractFor controlling recent COVID-19 outbreaks around the world, many countries have implemented suppression and mitigation interventions. This work aims to conduct a feasibility study for accessing the effect of multiple interventions to control the COVID-19 breakouts in the UK and other European countries, accounting for balance of healthcare demand. The model is to infer the impact of mitigation, suppression and multiple rolling interventions for controlling COVID-19 outbreaks in the UK,
more » ... ith two features considered: direct link between exposed and recovered population, and practical healthcare demand by separation of infections. We combined the calibrated model with COVID-19 data in London and non-London regions in the UK during February and April 2020. Our finding suggests that rolling intervention is an optimal strategy to effectively control COVID-19 outbreaks in the UK for balancing healthcare demand and morality ratio. It is better to implement regional based interventions with varied intensities and maintenance periods. We suggest an intervention strategy named as "Besieged and rolling interventions" to the UK that take a consistent suppression in London for 100 days and 3 weeks rolling intervention in other regions. This strategy would reduce the overall infections and deaths of COVID-19 outbreaks, and balance healthcare demand in the UK.
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-82170-y pmid:33542294 fatcat:x7w2rowuzvesvd26lllenlfwna