Damage invariant and high security acquisition of the internal fingerprint using optical coherence tomography Regard van Wyk

Luke Darlow, Ann Singh, Yaseen Moolla, Rocky Ramokolo, Natasha Botha, Leandra Webb-Ray
Fingerprints are widely used for biometric au-thentication, identification, and access control. However, most current acquisition devices obtain fingerprints from the surface of the skin and are thus inherently restricted by the surface 2D representation they offer. Using an emerging fingerprint acquisition technology-optical coherence tomography-to access an internal fingerprint under the skin surface, this paper serves to address two limitations of conventional scanners: fingertip skin damage
more » ... ngertip skin damage (owing to eczema, in this case) and presentation attacks. The surface fingerprint was very poorly affected by severe damage, with minutiae detection accuracy diminished from 88.7% to 4.7%. The internal fingerprint was far less affected by severe damage, with minutiae detection accuracy decreased from 81.3% to 40.5%. The internal fingerprint showed improved recovery when eczema abated, with minutiae extraction accuracy improvements of 35.6% for the internal fingerprint yet only 0.6% for the surface fingerprint. Furthermore, the difference between the internal fingerprint of real and fake fingers is distinct and an analysis of the orientation certainty level allowed for fully automated and entirely accurate presentation attack detection.