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<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/txj4mzfpbne4hhwgo2ku5cycbq" style="color: black;">IEEE Signal Processing Magazine</a>
Lin-shan Lee and Berlin Chen ] S peech is the primary and most convenient means of communication between individuals  . In the future network era, the digital content over the network will include all the information activities for human life, from real-time information to knowledge archives, from working environments to private services. Apparently, the most attractive form of the network content will be in multimedia, including speech information. Such speech information usually provides<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/msp.2005.1511823">doi:10.1109/msp.2005.1511823</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3agy74qwjfcunf5xdroqqjzoge">fatcat:3agy74qwjfcunf5xdroqqjzoge</a> </span>
more »... sight concerning the subjects, topics, and concepts of the multimedia content. As a result, the spoken documents associated with the network content will become key for retrieval and browsing. On the other hand, the rapid development of network and wireless technologies is making it possible for people to access the network content not only from the office/home, but from anywhere, at any time, via small handheld devices such as personal digital assistants (PDAs) or cell phones. Today, network access is primarily text based. The users enter the instructions by words or texts, and the network or search engine offers text materials from which the user can select. The users interact with the network or search engine and obtain the desired information via text-based media. In the future, it can be imagined that almost all such functions of text can also be performed with speech. The user's instructions can be entered not only by text but possibly through speech as well since speech is a convenient user interface for a variety of user terminals, especially for small handheld devices. The network content may be indexed/retrieved and browsed not only by text but possibly also by the associated spoken documents as mentioned above. The users may [ The key to future efficient retrieval/browsing applications ] Spoken Document Understanding and Organization
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