A monoclonal antibody against the platelet fibrinogen receptor contains a sequence that mimics a receptor recognition domain in fibrinogen

R Taub, R J Gould, V M Garsky, T M Ciccarone, J Hoxie, P A Friedman, S J Shattil
1989 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The binding of fibrinogen to its platelet receptor, the glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex, is mediated, in part, by an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence within the fibrinogen A alpha chain. PAC1 is an IgM-kappa murine monoclonal antibody that binds to the platelet fibrinogen receptor, and its binding is inhibited by both fibrinogen and RGD-containing peptides. To identify the regions of PAC1 that interact with the fibrinogen receptor, we determined the mRNA sequences of PAC1 immunoglobulin heavy and light
more » ... lin heavy and light chain variable regions. Five out of the six complementarity-determining regions (CDRs) of PAC1 had entirely germline sequences with no regions of similarity to fibrinogen. However, CDR3 of the PAC1 heavy chain (H-CDR3) was very large and unique due to the insertion of a novel D region segment. H-CDR3 contained a sequence, Arg-Tyr-Asp (RYD), that, if present in the proper conformation, might behave like the RGD sequence in fibrinogen. A 21-residue synthetic peptide encompassing the H-CDR3 region inhibited fibrinogen-dependent platelet aggregation as well as the binding of PAC1 (Ki = 10 microM) and fibrinogen (Ki = 5 microM) to activated platelets. The RYD region of H-CDR3 appeared to be central to its function, because substitution of the tyrosine with glycine increased the inhibitory potency of the peptide by 10-fold, while replacing the tyrosine with D-alanine or inverting the RYD sequence sharply reduced the inhibitory potency. Thus, the linear sequence, RYD, within H-CDR3 of PAC1 appears to mimic the RGD receptor recognition sequence in fibrinogen. This type of immunologic approach could be useful in studying the structural basis of other receptor-ligand interactions.
pmid:2909518 fatcat:rzvnnwmhnbe5tjhuxxpqefxna4