Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Is a Normal Physiological Response to Mechanical Loading in Bone

John A. Robinson, Moitreyee Chatterjee-Kishore, Paul J. Yaworsky, Diane M. Cullen, Weiguang Zhao, Christine Li, Yogendra Kharode, Linda Sauter, Philip Babij, Eugene L. Brown, Andrew A. Hill, Mohammed P. Akhter (+4 others)
2006 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
A preliminary expression profiling analysis of osteoblasts derived from tibia explants of the high bone mass LRP5 G171V transgenic mice demonstrated increased expression of canonical Wnt pathway and Wnt/␤-catenin target genes compared with non-transgenic explant derived osteoblasts. Therefore, expression of Wnt/␤-catenin target genes were monitored after in vivo loading of the tibia of LRP5 G171V transgenic mice compared with non-transgenic mice. Loading resulted in the increased expression of
more » ... nt pathway and Wnt/␤-catenin target genes including Wnt10B, SFRP1, cyclin D1, FzD2, WISP2, and connexin 43 in both genotypes; however, there was a further increased in transcriptional response with the LRP5 G171V transgenic mice. Similar increases in the expression of these genes (except cyclin D1) were observed when non-transgenic mice were pharmacologically treated with a canonical Wnt pathway activator, glycogen synthase kinase 3␤ inhibitor and then subjected to load. These in vivo results were further corroborated by in vitro mechanical loading experiments in which MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells were subjected to 3400 microstrain alone for 5 h, which increased the expression of Wnt10B, SFRP1, cyclin D1, FzD2, WISP2, and connexin 43. Furthermore, when MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with either glycogen synthase kinase 3␤ inhibitor or Wnt3A to activate Wnt signaling and then subjected to load, a synergistic up-regulation of these genes was observed compared with vehicle-treated cells. Collectively, the in vivo and in vitro mechanical loading results support that Wnt/␤-catenin signaling is a normal physiological response to load and that activation of the Wnt/␤-catenin pathway enhances the sensitivity of osteoblasts/osteocytes to mechanical loading.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m602308200 pmid:16908522 fatcat:q6ncdkd4djcbbn2fr7qliqrbue