Investigating Heavy Water Zero Power Reactors with a New Core Configuration Based on Experiment and Calculation Results

Zahra Nasrazadani, Raana Salimi, Afrooz Askari, Jamshid Khorsandi, Mohammad Mirvakili, Mohammad Mashayekh
2017 Nuclear Engineering and Technology  
The heavy water zero power reactor (HWZPR), which is a critical assembly with a maximum power of 100 W, can be used in different lattice pitches. The last change of core configuration was from a lattice pitch of 18e20 cm. Based on regulations, prior to the first operation of the reactor, a new core was simulated with MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle)-4C and WIMS (Winfrith Improved Multigroup Scheme)eCITATON codes. To investigate the criticality of this core, the effective multiplication factor (K
more » ... f ) versus heavy water level, and the critical water level were calculated. Then, for safety considerations, the reactivity worth of D 2 O, the reactivity worth of safety and control rods, and temperature reactivity coefficients for the fuel and the moderator, were calculated. The results show that the relevant criteria in the safety analysis report were satisfied in the new core. Therefore, with the permission of the reactor safety committee, the first criticality operation was conducted, and important physical parameters were measured experimentally. The results were compared with the corresponding values in the original core.
doi:10.1016/ fatcat:yyxgktyyinduxn4frxgzatlcty