Video representation with three-dimensional entities

F.C.M. Martins, J.M.F. Moura
1998 IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  
Very low bit-rate coding requires new paradigms that go well beyond pixel-and frame-based video representations. We introduce a novel content-based video representation using tridimensional entities: textured object models and pose estimates. The multiproperty object models carry stochastic information about the shape and texture of each object present in the scene. The pose estimates define the position and orientation of the objects for each frame. This representation is compact. It provides
more » ... lternative means for handling video by manipulating and compositing three-dimensional (3-D) entities. We call this representation tridimensional video compositing, or 3DVC for short. In this paper, we present the 3DVC framework and describe the methods used to construct incrementally the object models and the pose estimates from unregistered noisy depth and texture measurements. We also describe a method for video frame reconstruction based on 3-D scene assembly, and discuss potential applications of 3DVC to video coding and content-based handling. 3DVC assumes that the objects in the scene are rigid and segmented. By assuming segmentation, we do not address the difficult questions of nonrigid segmentation and multiple object segmentation. In our experiments, segmentation is obtained via depth thresholding. It is important to notice that 3DVC is independent of the segmentation technique adopted. Experimental results with synthetic and real video sequences where compression ratios in the range of 1:150-1:2700 are achieved demonstrate the applicability of the proposed representation to very low bit-rate coding. Index Terms-Content-based video handling, model-based video coding, range and image sequence processing, 3-D object modeling, video sequence representation.
doi:10.1109/49.650921 fatcat:3dhlycwjgzafnj5wa7scqdjibe