The Testing Effect for Learning Principles and Procedures from Texts

Kim J.H. Dirkx, Liesbeth Kester, Paul A. Kirschner
2014 The Journal of educational research (Washington, D.C.)  
In this study, it was explored whether a testing-effect occurs not only retention of facts but also for application of principles and procedures. For that purpose, thirty-eight high-school students either repeatedly studied a text on probability calculations (SSSS), or studied the text, took a test on the content, restudied the text, and finally took the test a second time (STST). Results show that testing not only leads to better retention of facts than restudying, but also to better
more » ... n of acquired knowledge (i.e., principles and procedures) in high-school statistics. In other words, testing seems not only to benefit fact retention, but also positively affects deeper learning.
doi:10.1080/00220671.2013.823370 fatcat:bo3a2hj5uvaflba3pmfgyv2ecm