A receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor that stimulates endothelial apoptosis

T P Quinn, S J Soifer, K Ramer, L T Williams, M C Nakamura
2001 Cancer Research  
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a dimeric angiogenic factor that is overexpressed by many tumors and stimulates tumor angiogenesis. VEGF initiates signaling by dimerizing the receptors VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2. The Fas receptor stimulates apoptosis, and artificial dimerization of the Fas cytoplasmic domain has been shown to induce apoptosis. We constructed a chimeric receptor (VEGFR2Fas) combining the extracellular and transmembrane domains of VEGFR-2 with the cytoplasmic domain of Fas
more » ... eceptor. When VEGFR2Fas was stably expressed in endothelial cells in vitro, treatment with VEGF rapidly induced cell death with features characteristic of Fas-mediated apoptosis. These findings demonstrate that VEGFR2Fas functions as a VEGF-triggered death receptor and raise the possibility that introduction of VEGFR2Fas into tumor endothelium or tumor cells in vivo may convert tumor-derived VEGF from an angiogenic factor into an antiangiogenesis agent.
pmid:11751375 fatcat:mug3wrsk2fc3lewrlrl2dl6z2m