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<i title="American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)">
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/lyouqq67dncvxgcbflq26svwta" style="color: black;">Plant Physiology</a>
Drought stress is one of the main environmental problems encountered by crop growers. Reduction in arable land area and reduced water availability make it paramount to identify and develop strategies to allow crops to be more resilient in waterlimiting environments. The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in the plants' response to drought stress through its control of stomatal aperture and water transpiration, and transgenic modulation of ABA levels therefore represents<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.17.01072">doi:10.1104/pp.17.01072</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28899960">pmid:28899960</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5664481/">pmcid:PMC5664481</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6ukvfbgbmzdddo2pke37qrfzlm">fatcat:6ukvfbgbmzdddo2pke37qrfzlm</a> </span>
more »... attractive avenue to improve the drought tolerance of crops. Several steps in the ABA-signaling pathway are controlled by ubiquitination involving really interesting new genes (RING) domain-containing proteins. We characterized the maize (Zea mays) RING protein family and identified two novel RING-H2 genes called ZmXerico1 and ZmXerico2. Expression of ZmXerico genes is induced by drought stress, and we show that overexpression of ZmXerico1 and ZmXerico2 in Arabidopsis and maize confers ABA hypersensitivity and improved water use efficiency, which can lead to enhanced maize yield performance in a controlled drought-stress environment. Overexpression of ZmXerico1 and ZmXerico2 in maize results in increased ABA levels and decreased levels of ABA degradation products diphaseic acid and phaseic acid. We show that ZmXerico1 is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum, where ABA 89-hydroxylases have been shown to be localized, and that it functions as an E3 ubiquitin ligase. We demonstrate that ZmXerico1 plays a role in the control of ABA homeostasis through regulation of ABA 89hydroxylase protein stability, representing a novel control point in the regulation of the ABA pathway.
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