Risk, Trust, and Bias: Causal Regulators of Biometric-Enabled Decision Support [article]

Kenneth Lai, Helder C. R. Oliveira, Ming Hou, Svetlana N. Yanushkevich, Vlad P. Shmerko
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Biometrics and biometric-enabled decision support systems (DSS) have become a mandatory part of complex dynamic systems such as security checkpoints, personal health monitoring systems, autonomous robots, and epidemiological surveillance. Risk, trust, and bias (R-T-B) are emerging measures of performance of such systems. The existing studies on the R-T-B impact on system performance mostly ignore the complementary nature of R-T-B and their causal relationships, for instance, risk of trust, risk
more » ... of bias, and risk of trust over biases. This paper offers a complete taxonomy of the R-T-B causal performance regulators for the biometric-enabled DSS. The proposed novel taxonomy links the R-T-B assessment to the causal inference mechanism for reasoning in decision making. Practical details of the R-T-B assessment in the DSS are demonstrated using the experiments of assessing the trust in synthetic biometric and the risk of bias in face biometrics. The paper also outlines the emerging applications of the proposed approach beyond biometrics, including decision support for epidemiological surveillance such as for COVID-19 pandemics.
arXiv:2008.02359v1 fatcat:tnzoptk26fazhhjfmvrm2zprbe