SWIFT: Maintaining weak-scalability with a dynamic range of 10^4 in time-step size to harness extreme adaptivity [article]

Josh Borrow, Richard G. Bower, Peter W. Draper, Pedro Gonnet, Matthieu Schaller
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Cosmological simulations require the use of a multiple time-stepping scheme. Without such a scheme, cosmological simulations would be impossible due to their high level of dynamic range; over eleven orders of magnitude in density. Such a large dynamic range leads to a range of over four orders of magnitude in time-step, which presents a significant load-balancing challenge. In this work, the extreme adaptivity that cosmological simulations present is tackled in three main ways through the use
more » ... the code SWIFT. First, an adaptive mesh is used to ensure that only the relevant particles are interacted in a given time-step. Second, task-based parallelism is used to ensure efficient load-balancing within a single node, using pthreads and SIMD vectorisation. Finally, a domain decomposition strategy is presented, using the graph domain decomposition library METIS, that bisects the work that must be performed by the simulation between nodes using MPI. These three strategies are shown to give SWIFT near-perfect weak-scaling characteristics, only losing 25% performance when scaling from 1 to 4096 cores on a representative problem, whilst being more than 30x faster than the de-facto standard Gadget-2 code.
arXiv:1807.01341v1 fatcat:wlvsxygoknhghjw4t4kqqtsoqy