A Systems Approach to Park Planning

Arthur T. Wilcox, William J. Hart
<span title="">1967</span> <i title="JSTOR"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/azol3uimhvgbjmk7zr7cn4eaba" style="color: black;">Journal of range management</a> </i> &nbsp;
PREFACE At the first World Conference on National Parks held in Seattle, Washington, in the summer of 1962, a group of a dozen or so persons from various countries of the world found common interest in thinking about national parks and nature preserves as an interrelated system of areas which ought to be closely tied in with national and regional plans and development programs. The needs and desires of peoples for outdoor experiences, this group thought, should be the beginning point for
more &raquo; ... g any system of parks and natural areas. Many people want parks for recreation; scientists require protected natural areas for biological and ecological research; those interested in history and anthropology want to be assured that historical sites will be preserved for all time; there is widespread interest in magnificent scenery of mountains, lakes, ocean shore, and forests and in maintaining wildlife. How can the countries of the world move from piecemeal and haphazard attention to parks and nature areas to a comprehensive and systematic concern? How can the need for parks and related areas, now being felt more and more intensely in all parts of the world, be given adequate expression in national and regional development programs? These are among the questions the group at Seattle addressed. Out of their discussions a recommendation was presented to the Conference calling for a Committee on Park Systems Planning under the aegis of the International Commission on National Parks of IUCN. The recommendation, subsequently adopted, stressed assistance to countries in developing park programs through further research on park systems planning and through an advisory service. This present study, A Systems Approach to Park Planning, states the concept and idea of park systems planning as these evolved out of practical experiences in a number of countries of the world. William J. Hart, who prepared this report, has had an intensive experience in several countries of the world in the past year and a half in analyzing park problems and suggesting development priorities. Prior to this, Mr. Hart had served as director of parks for the state of Nevada; he has long been a student of landuse planning. All of these experiences Mr. Hart has brought together in the present text which he and others who have been concerned with iv park systems planning hope will stimulate further thinking and action in various countries of the world to further progress in establishing systems of parks and natural areas. Members of the original Seattle group plus a few others who joined later have contributed to this study with suggestions from time to time and by reviewing drafts of the study. These persons are:
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