Vision‐based vehicle speed estimation: A survey

David Fernández Llorca, Antonio Hernández Martínez, Iván García Daza
2021 IET Intelligent Transport Systems  
The need to accurately estimate the speed of road vehicles is becoming increasingly important for at least two main reasons. First, the number of speed cameras installed worldwide has been growing in recent years, as the introduction and enforcement of appropriate speed limits are considered one of the most effective means to increase the road safety. Second, traffic monitoring and forecasting in road networks plays a fundamental role to enhance traffic, emissions and energy consumption in
more » ... cities, being the speed of the vehicles one of the most relevant parameters of the traffic state. Among the technologies available for the accurate detection of vehicle speed, the use of vision-based systems brings great challenges to be solved, but also great potential advantages, such as the drastic reduction of costs due to the absence of expensive range sensors, and the possibility of identifying vehicles accurately. This paper provides a review of vision-based vehicle speed estimation. The terminology and the application domains are described and a complete taxonomy of a large selection of works that categorizes all stages involved is proposed. An overview of performance evaluation metrics and available datasets is provided. Finally, current limitations and future directions are discussed.
doi:10.1049/itr2.12079 fatcat:cntntyyl5vgz3ipy7f6pvj5k3y