Clinicopathological Features of Canine Neuroaxonal Dystrophy and Cerebellar Cortical Abiotrophy in Papillon and Papillon-related Dogs

Kazumi NIBE, Chiaki KITA, Motoji MOROZUMI, Yuichi AWAMURA, Shinji TAMURA, Seiichi OKUNO, Takayuki KOBAYASHI, Kazuyuki UCHIDA
2007 Journal of Veterinary Medical Science  
Neuroaxonal dystrophy (NAD) was examined in two Papillon dogs and a mix breed dog between Papillon and Chihuahua. In addition, cerebellar cortical abiotrophy (CCA) in a Papillon dog, which had similar clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features to those of NAD, was also investigated. The common clinical symptoms of all dogs affected with NAD and CCA, were pelvic limb ataxia and cerebellar ataxia including intention tremor, head tremor, and hypermetria in the early onset. These
more » ... onset. These clinical signs were progressed rapidly, and two dogs with NAD were euthanized by owner's request and the other two were died by aspiration pneumonia. MRI examinations and gross observations at necropsy revealed moderate to severe cerebellar atrophy in all cases of NAD and CCA. The most typical histological change of NAD was severe axonal degeneration with marked spheroid-formation in the dorsal horn of the spinal cords, the nuclei gracilis, cuneatus, olivalis and its circumference in the medulla oblongata. The spheroids were characterized as large eosinophilic or granular globes within the enlarged myelin sheaths, sometimes accompanied by moderate accumulation of microglias and/ or macrophages. In contrast, such spheroid formation was minimal in the brain of CCA. In the cerebellum, mild to moderate loss of the Purkinje and granular cells were recognized in three dogs with NAD, whereas these changes were more prominent in a dog with CCA. Although the clinical signs and MRI findings relatively resembled between NAD and CCA, the histopathological features considered to be quite differ, suggesting distinct pathogenesis and etiology. Since both NAD and CCA are proposed as the autosomal recessive hereditary disorders, careful considerations might be needed for the breeding of Papillon and Chihuahua dogs.
doi:10.1292/jvms.69.1047 pmid:17984592 fatcat:npxxj6tkq5fgvdipr3nazfgb3i