Natural language processing versus content-based image analysis for medical document retrieval

Aurélie Névéol, Thomas M. Deserno, Stéfan J. Darmoni, Mark Oliver Güld, Alan R. Aronson
2009 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
One of the most significant recent advances in health information systems has been the shift from paper to electronic documents. While research on automatic text and image processing has taken separate paths, there is a growing need for joint efforts, particularly for electronic health records and biomedical literature databases. This work aims at comparing text-based versus image-based access to multimodal medical documents using state-ofthe-art methods of processing text and image components.
more » ... A collection of 180 medical documents containing an image accompanied by a short text describing it was divided into training and test sets. Content-based image analysis and natural language processing techniques are applied individually and combined for multimodal document analysis. The evaluation consists of an indexing task and a retrieval task based on the "gold standard" codes manually assigned to corpus documents. The performance of text-based and image-based access, as well as combined document features, is compared. Image analysis proves more adequate for both the indexing and retrieval of the images. In the indexing
doi:10.1002/asi.20955 pmid:19633735 pmcid:PMC2714909 fatcat:3riwtj6n6zc6xk32szlsk5zkaq