Disappearance curves and single-breath DLCO from consecutive samples during slow expiration

RYO KIKUCHI, TAKAO SASAKI, TAMOTSU TAKISHIMA
1982 Tohoku journal of experimental medicine  
KIKUCHI, R., SASAKI, T. and TAKISHIMA, T. Disappearance Curves and Single-Breath DLCO from Consecutive Samples during Slow Expiration. Tohoku J. exp. Med., 1982, 136 (4), 419-431 The disappearance of CO in three expirates consecutively sampled after various breath holding periods was measured in seven normal subjects. The CO disappearance curves in the three expired portions were nearly linear and parallel each other, but the curves for later sampled expirates were lower, and even those for
more » ... even those for earlier sampled expirates passed under unity at time zero when extrapolated on a logarithmic graph of relative expired alveolar CO concentration against breath holding time. The slope of each disappearance curve shows "the true diffusing capacity at breath holding lung volume", eliminating an effect of rapid CO absorption at a lower lung volume during expiration. This effect is considered the cause of the downward shift of the decay curve, and the shift is magnified in slow expiration. In addition, the three parallel lines indicate a homogeneous distribution of DL /VA within the lungs. Subsequently DLCO in conventional calculations had greater values in shorter breath holding time and later sampling. ---carbon monoxide disappearance curve; single-breath DLCO; breath holding time; sampling portion; distribution of DLJVA
doi:10.1620/tjem.136.419 pmid:7101275 fatcat:a5orwxqpk5hdne4kvmprmshhye