Assessing periprosthetic bone in total wrist arthroplasty: The validity of DXA

Trygve Holm-Glad, Kristin Godang, Jens Bollerslev, Magne Røkkum, Ole Reigstad
2020 Journal of clinical densitometry  
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can measure bone mineral density (BMD) around joint arthroplasties. DXA has never been used in total wrist arthroplasties (TWA). We investigated (1) whether BMD differs between 2 TWAs implanted in the same cadaver forearm, (2) the effect of forearm rotation and wrist extension on measured BMD around TWA in a cadaver, and (3) the precision of DXA in a cadaver and patients. One ROI around the distal and 1 and 3 ROIs (ROI1-3) around the proximal component
more » ... used. Ten DXA scans were performed on forearm and femur mode convertible to orthopedic knee mode without arthroplasty, with ReMotion, and with Motec TWA in one cadaver forearm. Ten scans with 5° increments from 90°-70° pronation and 0°-20° extension, were performed with Motec. Precision was calculated as coefficient of variation (CV%) and least significant change (LSC%) from cadaver scans and double examinations with femur mode converted to orthopedic knee mode in 40 patients (20 ReMotion, 20 Motec). BMD was higher in all Motec than corresponding ReMotion ROIs (p < 0.05). BMD changed with 10° supination in the distal ROI and ROI1, and with 5° extension in the distal ROI (p < 0.05). In the cadaver the orthopedic knee mode was more precise than the forearm mode in 3 Motec ROIs (p < 0.05). In patients CV was 2.21%-3.08% in the distal ROI, 1.66%-2.01% in the proximal ROI, and 1.98%-2.87% with 3 ROIs. DXA is feasible for BMD measurement around the proximal component using the orthopedic knee mode, but not the distal component of TWA.
doi:10.1016/j.jocd.2020.10.006 pmid:33172804 fatcat:abaqej2y6fdo5m4ruskg5gez5m