Research on the Fault Diagnosis Method for Rolling Bearings Based on Improved VMD and Automatic IMF Acquisition

Ying Zhang, Anchen Wang
2020 Shock and Vibration  
This paper proposes a novel method to improve the variational mode decomposition (VMD) method and to automatically acquire the sensitive intrinsic mode function (IMF). First, since fault signals are impulsive and periodic, a weighted autocorrelative function maximum (AFM) indicator is constructed based on the Gini index and autocorrelation function to serve as the optimization objective function. The mode number K and the penalty parameter α of VMD are automatically obtained through an optimal
more » ... arameter searching process underpinned by the improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm with a variety of inertia weights. This improvement solves one of the major drawbacks of the conventional VMD method, that is, the need to manually set parameters. Then, an optimal IMF automatic selecting process is performed for single-failure faults and compound faults, according to the principles of the maximum weighted AFM indicator and maximum spectrum peak ratio (SPR), respectively. The sensitive IMFs are then subjected to an envelope demodulation analysis to obtain the fault characteristic frequency. The results of simulations and experiments show that the proposed method can effectively identify fault characteristics early, especially compound faults, demonstrating great potential for real-world applications.
doi:10.1155/2020/6216903 fatcat:owiulwgjavhwhmitvvoipgycbe